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The infrastructure of collective action and policy content diffusion in the organic food industry


Academy of Management Journal


Strategy and Entrepreneurship

Authors / Editors

Lee B H

Publication Year



Little is known about the relationship between industry self-regulation organizations and the diffusion of policy content. Using the organic food industry as a context, this study examines the relationship between local and federated standards-based certification organizations and specific changes in U.S. state laws. The study's findings indicate that local structures correspond to greater legal innovation and elaboration, but less variation. Conversely, federated structures correspond to less legal innovation and elaboration, and greater content variation. These findings both challenge extant theories regarding organizational capacities of local and federated organizations and extend contemporary conceptions of diffusion.


Industries - self regulation; Trade regulation; Policy sciences - research; Organizational research; Natural foods industry - government policy

Available on ECCH


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