Skip to main content

Please enter a keyword and click the arrow to search the site

Intermediate advertising effects: the MAC model



Publication Year



Advertising was once believed to operate wholly as information transference. For the last 100 years, advertising has also been seen as persuasive with cognition continuing to dominate advertising research. The role of affect in advertising has a stream of research not fully integrated with the Cartesian (cognitive) stream. Neuroscience may provide the linkage. This paper suggests that consumer behavior is driven primarily by memory (M), which includes habits and conditioning, and secondarily by feelings (affect - A). The utility maximising role of reason (cognition - C) typically plays a minor, albeit important, role. The M É A É C, or MAC, model of the intermediate effects of advertising ("É", includes, is used in the sense of "setting the context for") may be part of a paradigm shift in marketing research toward more emphasis on affect. Brand equity is presented as SM, i.e. the combined brand memory of the relevant population. The paper concludes with managerial implications and proposals for testing the MAC model.

Publication Research Centre

Centre for Marketing

Series Number



Centre for Marketing Working Paper

Available on ECCH


Select up to 4 programmes to compare

Select one more to compare
subscribe_image_desktop 5949B9BFE33243D782D1C7A17E3345D0

Sign up to receive our latest news and business thinking direct to your inbox